{"_id":"595f61604a72f7002b249aab","category":{"_id":"595f615d4a72f7002b249a77","version":"595f615d4a72f7002b249a70","project":"5613d8fc6a092921004c30b9","__v":0,"sync":{"url":"","isSync":false},"reference":false,"createdAt":"2016-01-07T13:29:45.467Z","from_sync":false,"order":6,"slug":"researchers","title":"Researchers"},"parentDoc":null,"user":"5613d895443514170060dba9","project":"5613d8fc6a092921004c30b9","version":{"_id":"595f615d4a72f7002b249a70","project":"5613d8fc6a092921004c30b9","__v":1,"createdAt":"2017-07-07T10:24:29.881Z","releaseDate":"2017-07-07T10:24:29.881Z","categories":["595f615d4a72f7002b249a71","595f615d4a72f7002b249a72","595f615d4a72f7002b249a73","595f615d4a72f7002b249a74","595f615d4a72f7002b249a75","595f615d4a72f7002b249a76","595f615d4a72f7002b249a77","595f615d4a72f7002b249a78","595f615d4a72f7002b249a79"],"is_deprecated":false,"is_hidden":false,"is_beta":false,"is_stable":true,"codename":"PID Platform","version_clean":"2.0.0","version":"2.0"},"githubsync":"","__v":0,"updates":[],"next":{"pages":[],"description":""},"createdAt":"2016-06-10T11:30:31.003Z","link_external":false,"link_url":"","sync_unique":"","hidden":false,"api":{"results":{"codes":[]},"settings":"","auth":"required","params":[],"url":""},"isReference":false,"order":1,"body":"The following Author identifier and/or profile systems were identified and described by the ODIN project. They are derived from a commonly seen list of tools that researcher are using to manage their scholarly record. See https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1373669.v1 for more information.\n\n**Scopus ID**\n* Algorithm based author identifiers and profiles \n* Based on affiliation, subject area and other author characteristics\n* Author search is inaccessible to non-subscribers \n* There is an extensive API \n* Some authors have multiple Scopus profiles, especially if the author works in multiple disciplines or institutions \n* No direct editing or claiming but author feedback allows for amendments to profiles \n* A tool is provided to pull the publications from a Scopus author profile into an ORCID profile\n* Service provided by Elsevier and integrated with their other products such as Mendeley\n* Notably used by the UK research excellence framework (REF)\n\n**ResearcherID**\n* User or institution created author identifiers and profiles \n* User populated\n* Can create bi-directional links with ORCID profiles \n* Has a process in place to settle inaccurate claim disputes \n* An API is provided, but documentation currently unavailable for assessment\n* Service provided by Thompson Reuters and heavily integrated in their other products \n* Around 270k identifiers.\n\n**ORCID ID**\n* User driven identifier service\n* Users can create, manage and edit their publishing history and import from various other systems \n* Institutions can create blocks of identifiers and ask authors to ‘claim’ them\n* Extensive search and authentication API with various open source client implementations \n* Update rights via the API require membership\n* More than 4 million identifiers\n* Open, sustainable and community governed\n\n**arXiv Author ID**\n* Discipline specific (High Energy Physics) author identifier and profile\n* Author identifiers are intended to disambiguate papers within the arXiv repository\n* User created and maintained, semi-automatically populated\n* API unknown\n\n**RePec Author Service**\n* Discipline specific (Economics) identifier and profiles\n* Users claim from a list of research outputs provided by academic publishers such as Elsevier, Wiley Blackwell, CEPR and institutional archives \n* There is no API \n* Used by RePEc services\n\n**PubMed Author ID**\n* Development announced in 2010 and abandoned in 2014 in favour of external identifiers provided by publishers \n* Update specifically mentions ORCID iDs\n\n**Google Scholar Profiles**\n* User driven, semi-automated author profiles \n* Initial import is algorithm based with the ability for users to add and remove works\n* Continuous algorithmic profile updates possible\n* Requires a verified institutional email to make public\n* There is no API, and rate limitations and T&C prevent scraping, no interoperability features \n* Manual user driven export possible\n* Not intended as an author identifier \n* Provided by Google and integrated with Google Scholar\n\n**Microsoft academic research ID**\n* Provides human editable automatically generated author profiles with attached unique identifiers \n* Provides other tools such as co-author visualization, profile merging and citation counts \n* In contrast with Google Scholar, Microsoft do offer an API \n* It is limited by terms and conditions to non-commercial, academic-only use.\n\n**AuthorClaim**\n* Non-discipline specific author disambiguation and profiles \n* Generates author output profiles \n* Based on RePEc Author service\n* Users claim from a list of research outputs provided by publishers and repositories including Crossref, ArXiv and PubMed\n* There is no API, but data is available as bulk download in CC0\n* Venerable, in operation since 1992\n* Funded by the Open Society Institute\n\n**JISC Names**\n* Automatic author disambiguation system with manual intervention and quality assurance\n* Generating identifiers and associated research outputs \n* Ran from 2007 until 2013\n* Collected data now submitted to ISNI \n* Codebase now open source\n\n**ISNI **\n* Semi-automatically derived from library catalogues and other trusted sources using human intervention for quality control \n* Institutions that are members can submit data for matching and ISNI creation. Provides searchable interface and extensive query API \n* Not user editable, although users can suggest changes to existing profiles \n* Intended to be an authoritative source of authorship identifiers\n\n**Linkedin**\n* Used to maintain professional resume and publication lists, and network with co-authors and funders \n* Frequently mentioned when discussing author identifiers with researchers \n* Positioning itself as an identity authority as well as profile management tool \n* Mature API for identity and profile.\n\n**Mendeley Profiles**\n* User driven and populated author profiles with social networking/collaboration features Manual creation and import \n* Both desktop and mobile software and a service\n* Public API \n* Not intended as an author identifier \n* Provided by Mendeley/Elsevier \n* Around 3 million profiles\n\n**ResearchGate**\n* Academic social network and collaboration platform for researchers, institutions and publications \n* Users can manage their publishing and work profiles and create connections \n* Provides sharing and citation metrics \n* Open Query API, no update API","excerpt":"","slug":"author-identifier-catalogue","type":"basic","title":"What are the various author identifier systems?"}

What are the various author identifier systems?


The following Author identifier and/or profile systems were identified and described by the ODIN project. They are derived from a commonly seen list of tools that researcher are using to manage their scholarly record. See https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1373669.v1 for more information. **Scopus ID** * Algorithm based author identifiers and profiles * Based on affiliation, subject area and other author characteristics * Author search is inaccessible to non-subscribers * There is an extensive API * Some authors have multiple Scopus profiles, especially if the author works in multiple disciplines or institutions * No direct editing or claiming but author feedback allows for amendments to profiles * A tool is provided to pull the publications from a Scopus author profile into an ORCID profile * Service provided by Elsevier and integrated with their other products such as Mendeley * Notably used by the UK research excellence framework (REF) **ResearcherID** * User or institution created author identifiers and profiles * User populated * Can create bi-directional links with ORCID profiles * Has a process in place to settle inaccurate claim disputes * An API is provided, but documentation currently unavailable for assessment * Service provided by Thompson Reuters and heavily integrated in their other products * Around 270k identifiers. **ORCID ID** * User driven identifier service * Users can create, manage and edit their publishing history and import from various other systems * Institutions can create blocks of identifiers and ask authors to ‘claim’ them * Extensive search and authentication API with various open source client implementations * Update rights via the API require membership * More than 4 million identifiers * Open, sustainable and community governed **arXiv Author ID** * Discipline specific (High Energy Physics) author identifier and profile * Author identifiers are intended to disambiguate papers within the arXiv repository * User created and maintained, semi-automatically populated * API unknown **RePec Author Service** * Discipline specific (Economics) identifier and profiles * Users claim from a list of research outputs provided by academic publishers such as Elsevier, Wiley Blackwell, CEPR and institutional archives * There is no API * Used by RePEc services **PubMed Author ID** * Development announced in 2010 and abandoned in 2014 in favour of external identifiers provided by publishers * Update specifically mentions ORCID iDs **Google Scholar Profiles** * User driven, semi-automated author profiles * Initial import is algorithm based with the ability for users to add and remove works * Continuous algorithmic profile updates possible * Requires a verified institutional email to make public * There is no API, and rate limitations and T&C prevent scraping, no interoperability features * Manual user driven export possible * Not intended as an author identifier * Provided by Google and integrated with Google Scholar **Microsoft academic research ID** * Provides human editable automatically generated author profiles with attached unique identifiers * Provides other tools such as co-author visualization, profile merging and citation counts * In contrast with Google Scholar, Microsoft do offer an API * It is limited by terms and conditions to non-commercial, academic-only use. **AuthorClaim** * Non-discipline specific author disambiguation and profiles * Generates author output profiles * Based on RePEc Author service * Users claim from a list of research outputs provided by publishers and repositories including Crossref, ArXiv and PubMed * There is no API, but data is available as bulk download in CC0 * Venerable, in operation since 1992 * Funded by the Open Society Institute **JISC Names** * Automatic author disambiguation system with manual intervention and quality assurance * Generating identifiers and associated research outputs * Ran from 2007 until 2013 * Collected data now submitted to ISNI * Codebase now open source **ISNI ** * Semi-automatically derived from library catalogues and other trusted sources using human intervention for quality control * Institutions that are members can submit data for matching and ISNI creation. Provides searchable interface and extensive query API * Not user editable, although users can suggest changes to existing profiles * Intended to be an authoritative source of authorship identifiers **Linkedin** * Used to maintain professional resume and publication lists, and network with co-authors and funders * Frequently mentioned when discussing author identifiers with researchers * Positioning itself as an identity authority as well as profile management tool * Mature API for identity and profile. **Mendeley Profiles** * User driven and populated author profiles with social networking/collaboration features Manual creation and import * Both desktop and mobile software and a service * Public API * Not intended as an author identifier * Provided by Mendeley/Elsevier * Around 3 million profiles **ResearchGate** * Academic social network and collaboration platform for researchers, institutions and publications * Users can manage their publishing and work profiles and create connections * Provides sharing and citation metrics * Open Query API, no update API